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    寻访常山县球川镇后弄村红军(色)纪念馆

    发布时间: 2016-10-10 14:57:13来源:

     寻访常山县球川镇后弄村红军(色)纪念馆——

     

    三衢星火永不灭

     

    本报记者 沈吟 邵倩 浙江新闻客户端记者 向冬雪 县委报道组 胡江平

     

    一辆辆汽车在宽阔的马路上飞驰而过,从江山市去往常山的道路,已然宽广了很多。但鲜有人知道,80多年前,1934年在中央红军突围长征之前,中国工农红军北上抗日先遣队曾数度转战于江山常山之间,走过了一条艰难的道路。他们翻过险峻的山岭,越过国民党军队一道道防线,为开辟革命道路、播撒红色星火抛头颅洒热血,英勇奋战,留下了一段可歌可泣的往事。

    201610月,在纪念中国工农红军长征胜利80周年之际,浙江日报报业集团的全媒体报道团队来到这里,寻访常山的红军记忆,聆听与红军相关的故事。

     

    一座馆,再现峥嵘岁月

    球川红色纪念馆的外观并不起眼。一幢朴素的泥木结构土坯房,静静地矗立在后弄村里。黄色的土墙上,刷写着醒目的标语——“红军是为工农谋福利的军队,红军是穷人的军队!”门口,一位腰别皮带、肩挎长枪、背着斗笠的红军雕塑雄赳赳地站立着。一旁,鲜艳的红旗上书写着毛泽东的著名话语:“星星之火可以燎原”。

    后弄村红纪念馆占地约150平方米,去年4月开始筹建,经过7个多月的紧张准备,纪念馆才正式对外展览。这座不大的纪念馆,收藏着常山在红色岁月的记忆,是全县首座红纪念馆。

    轻轻推开大门,呈现眼前的是“红军三打球川”“红军北上抗日先遣队两次转战常山”等斗争故事。常山县委党史研究室副主任徐金堂向我们介绍,由于常山和江西交界,红军曾给常山留下了不少宝贵的红色记忆。

    常山有一座始建于明代的单孔石拱桥——回龙桥,是常山迄今为止发现的现存建造年代最早的一座桥梁。193477日,中国工农红军北上抗日先遣队从江西瑞金出发,向闽浙皖赣四省进军,9月和11月两次转战常山,都经过了回龙桥。

    1934915日晚,先遣队500多人从江山大陈出发,连夜行军,穿过江山与常山之间的峡谷,进入常山境内的程村。16日凌晨,又从程村出发,突袭常山县城。因为国民党军增援力量的到来,先遣队攻入县城后并未作过多停留。红军大部队从常山港长圩渡口过江后,到达丁家坞,并于917日拂晓占领常山县北乡芳村镇。918日拂晓,先遣队离开芳村,经界牌岭离开衢州地区。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

    同年11月,先遣队第二次经过常山,后卫部队与尾追之敌还在回龙桥进行过一次激战。红军凭借有利地形阻击,激战数小时,敌伤亡十几人,红军有3位战士牺牲。

    红军北上抗日先遣队两次转战常山,停留6天,行程150公里,英勇顽强,机智善战,袭取常山县城,巧渡常山港。红军沿途宣传抗日救国,唤醒劳苦大众,行动神速,纪律严明,在常山群众的心中留下了极其深刻的印象。

     

     

    连环画,重绘红色记忆

     

    后弄村的这座纪念馆,布展有些特别。除了史实材料外,馆里展出的一幅幅连环画,再现了80多年前的峥嵘历史。这一幅幅连环画的背后,是一桩桩真实的事迹、一段段铭记的记忆,也是党和红军在常山大地点燃希望之火、在常山群众心中扎根的历史缩影。

    这些精美的连环画,都出自曾令兵之手。20154月,球川镇准备在后弄村设立“球川红色纪念馆”,镇里找到了曾令兵,他一口答应了下来:“创作红色题材,也是我们对后人的一个交代。”

    就有红军三打球川、红军北上抗日先遣队两次转战常山、红军摧毁国民党碉堡、带领人民“打土豪、分田地”等故事,被绘制成了一幅幅连环画,生动形象地展示了党领导常山人民群众走向独立、走向解放的光辉革命岁月。

    原来,2013年曾令兵曾受常山县委党史研究室委托,绘制常山革命故事连环画册。本着还原历史的原则,他和搭档徐寄兰一起,收集史料,走访当事人,经过一年的潜心创作,被命名为《三衢星火》的连环画册正式问世。

    “连环画是一种通俗易懂的读物,用连环画来再现历史,也是想让更多的孩子了解常山的红色历史。”曾令兵说,他还自费增印了6000册《三衢星火》,放在自己的连环画博物馆里,送给前来的参观者。

    曾令兵认为,实物会说话,也更吸引眼球。“有了实物,红军的精神能更直观地体现。”作为hhh中国网-最美衢州 向世界展现衢州的最美作为当地小有名气的一位收藏家,曾令兵将自己多年来收集的各种红色物品贡献出来,并一直持续收集红色物品,充实红色纪念馆的馆藏。就比如,玻璃展柜里,一张发黄的借粮票证,静静诉说着红军的严明纪律。“秋后……到XX地领取粮谷……”

     

    一个人,重温红色温情

    1930年出生的范乃敬,是一名老党员,也是后弄村的老村支书。虽然年事已高,但他依然精神矍铄,声音洪亮。

    当初,听说村里要建红色纪念馆,范乃敬二话不说,就要把家里的老房子贡献出来做展馆。“村里搞红色纪念馆好啊,主要是让老百姓、让干部去看看红军历史后。”老人乐呵呵地说:“看看红军怎么进行战斗的,我们党怎么发展的。让大家看了有感觉,提高警惕,教育下一代,要为社会主义干好事不干坏事。”一开始,老人还表示要无偿提供老房子,后来在村里的劝说下,他才象征性地收取了部分租金。

    早在年幼时,范乃敬就对红军的精神怀有一种特殊的情感。他曾不止一次看到红军从家门口经过。“他们都是唱着歌来的,边走边唱,对老百姓很友好。”他还记得,当时自己的母亲、哥哥在路边自发烧水,送给路过的红军解渴。一位红军战士喝了水,向他母亲表示谢意说,大娘谢谢你,你们都没有田地,等以后打仗胜了,分田地给你们。当时还懵懵懂懂的范乃敬半信半疑:“分田地?还有这么好的事情,还有这么好的军队啊?”

    没想到多年后,红军战士说的这些变成了现实。范乃敬家和村里的其他穷苦农民一样,都分到了田地,生活一天比一天好。范乃敬还在1955年入了党,1958年又当上了村支书,他发扬艰苦奋斗的精神,带领全村人民建设后弄。

    如今,耄耋之年的范乃敬,还经常叮嘱同是党员的儿子,要好好干事,干好事。“现在的生活越来越好,我们就更不能忘记过去,要继续保持精气神,把自己的家、把村子、把国家建设得更好。” 范乃敬说。

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